Despite the relatively slow track at Sher-e-Bangla National Stadium, which was also marking its own landmark of hosting 150 global matches, Australians pacers were able to push the Bangladesh batsmen to the ropes through sheer pace.
Bangladesh, meanwhile, have won two of their last three Tests, one against Sri Lanka and a historic win over England.
With nine overs to survive before the close of play, Australian batsmen were unable to deal with the Bangladesh spinners on a pitch that offered considerable amount of turn and bounce.
The visitors trained in Darwin, a tropical city in northern Australia, ahead of the Bangladesh tour to adjust to the hot and humid conditions expected for the two-Test series. Australia's practice match was completely washed away, and there are forecasts saying both Tests in this series could be over before they begin as well.More news: 'Good riddance': progressives hail exit of hardline Trump aide Sebastian Gorka
Shakib Al Hasan and Tamim Iqbal starred with the bat for Bangladesh as they made 84 and 71 respectively.
Lyon then had Shakib held at slip off the shoulder of the bat - illustrating the bounce on offer - and the remaining batsmen fell in a hurry after tea as Agar also enjoyed success in his first Test appearance since 2013.
The other concerning element for Australia is having three left-handers at the top of the order in Matt Renshaw, David Warner and the normally terrible against spin Usman Khawaja. "If our guys get into the mind-set that we went well in India, so we should be able to handle Bangladesh, then they will be in big trouble", Jones said about Australia's performance in Asia.
Mushfiqur Rahim appears likely to keep wickets, which would mean Liton Das misses out.More news: Yankees, Tigers Involved in Brawl; Miguel Cabrera, Austin Romine Ejected
"He's been bowling very well in the nets. It's pretty special. Richie Benaud was a legend of Australian cricket and cricket in general", Lyon said.
Now that Nathan Lyon has secured admittance to that exclusive and shoulder-weary collective of spinners who can boast 250 Test wickets, he will once more be evaluated alongside the past practitioners of the slow bowling craft.
"I think our spin attack is better than them". We all make errors - I misjudged one. Not in all conditions but in Bangladesh, we are better than them.
Australia (probable): 1 David Warner, 2 Matt Renshaw, 3 Steven Smith (capt), 4 Usman Khawaja, 5 Peter Handscomb, 6 Glenn Maxwell, 7 Matthew Wade (wk), 8 Ashton Agar, 9 Pat Cummins, 10 Josh Hazlewood, 11 Nathan Lyon. "We need to do well in all aspects if we want to win the Tests. I've got some very good mates in this change room that I think are great, and no doubt when I get back home after this series, I'll sit down with my family and have a drink and celebrate that personal goal but let's just see how this Test match goes first".More news: Increasing Vitamin C Intake Cuts Blood Cancer Risk